‘Ring the bells that still can ring
Forget your perfect offering
There is a crack, a crack in everything
That’s how the light gets in’.
Anthem, Leonard Cohen
What is light composed of?
The smallest unit of light, and of electromagnetic radiation, is the photon.
It is part of the spectrum of electromagnetic radiation, which includes all light, microwaves, radio waves and x rays.
A photon is emitted when an electron moves from one energy state to another.
When a photon is emitted by a biological source, it is referred to as a biophoton.
Photons and biophotons are always in motion, and they have no electrical charge, and no mass.
In addition to existing in particle form, light also behaves as a wave.
The wave allows it to carry momentum, and therefore energy, without having mass.
This was neatly explained by Richard Buckminster Fuller:
“The wave is not the water. The water merely told us about the wave moving by.”
A Short History of Biophotons
Prior to the 1970s, biophoton were thought to be weak photon radiance caused by disturbances in metabolism, and not biologically significant – explained by the Theory of Imperfection.
Unlike others working in the same field, Dr. Fritz-Albert Popp and his research team at the University of Marburg thought there was more to it than this.
Following on from ground breaking research he did in the early 1970s into the body’s photorepair processes, he deduced that the body must contain light, to allow photorepair to happen, and then, with his research assistant, Bernhard Ruth, set out to prove it.
He coined the term biophoton, and developed his Biophoton Theory (1975).
He demonstrated that DNA in living cells stored and released biophotons, also known as ultra-weak biophotonic emissions, which were consistently coherent across a range of frequencies.
Popp found that when DNA treated with a chemical unravelled, the intensity of light released from the DNA grew with the concentration of the unzipping chemical.
Conversely, the less he used, the less light was emitted.
He showed DNA sent out a large range of frequencies of biophotons, and specific frequencies were related to specific biological functions.
“There are about 100,000 chemical reactions happening in every cell each second. The chemical reaction can only happen if the molecule which is reacting is excited by a photon.
Once the photon has excited a reaction it returns to the field and is available for more reactions… We are swimming in an ocean of light.”
He theorised that biophotons were able to transmit information within and between cells simultaneously, as electromagnetic resonance in an electromagnetic field.
He also showed a phenomenon called biophoton sucking: organisms hoover up biophotons from other members of their species, and also from other species, and from the medium they are growing in the “ocean of light.”
His ideas were not widely accepted for many years, and as can happen with developers of new ideas, he was mocked by many of his peers in Germany.
Over time, he set up an international institute (the International Institute of Biophysics), a community of 15 research groups around the world who agreed with him that the body’s communication system might be a complex network of resonance and frequency.
Fritz-Albert Popp died in 2018, and the Institute seems to have withered without its founder.
However, a similar theory to Popp’s, Prof Irena Cosic’s molecular resonance theory, known as the Resonant Recognition Model (2016), again not widely accepted, also proposes that ultra weak photon emissions, and particularly their specific frequencies, are critical for resonant activation of specific biological activities and functions of proteins and DNA/RNA.
Since Fritz-Albert’s time, the field of biophoton research, and of biophotonics (the use of photons for measurement and imaging in medical diagnostics, life science, agriculture and environmental science) has exploded and diversified as instrumentation and applications have developed.
Written by Morag Miller Thompson